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Heritage >>Vernacular heritage

Kpassènon's Concession

NOM :Kpassènon’s Concession        

LOCALISATION

Commune :Ouidah
Headquarter  :Tovè I
Address : Near the Concessions of Tchiakpè and Adjovi

IDENTIFICATION

Nature of the heritage  : Vernaculary architecture
Initial Function : Residential and Religious
Actual Function : Residential  and Religious
Period of Construction : Around 1776, settling related to the creation of Glεxuε first contacts with Western trading ships.

CARACTERISTICS

Brief description

Complex of buildings of vernacular architecture in clay and cement blocks, covered with a sheet of rammed earth floor covered with a layer of cement.
The frames cover 7,500 square meters on a plot with an approximate area of 10,000 m around.

Dossou Yovo 's Concession

NOM  : Dossou Yovo ‘s Concession        

LOCALIZATION
    
Commune :Ouidah
Headquarter : Tovè / Sogbadji (Vigan Residence)

IDENTIFICATION

Nature of the heritage : vernaculary Houses
Initial Function : Residential and Religious
Actual  Function : Residential and Religious
Période de Construction : Towards the XIXth century

CARACTERISTICS

Brief description

Set of 22 frames built around, earth bar and clay bricks, some cement blocks. The floor is packed earth with a layer of cement. Walls (the oldest) are coated with clay or cement. The doors are wooden boards assemblies, metal sheet frames with wooden slatted blinds or fixed.

The ceilings are made of bamboo, palms, or hardboard. The frame is made of rôniers for older buildings, round teak wood or white.

The frames include:

- Boxes that house the Assin community;
- Placeholders with the rituals and protective divinities of the community;
- Housing variety.

History

The concession is occupied by descendants of Sassou coming from Ateke to Ouidah in the nineteenth century and who obtained a field with Zossoungbo. His son was Dossou interpreter with the Europeans settled in Ouidah, which earned him the name Dossou - Yovo (Dossou among whites). Performer of FF de Souza, he is considered the founder of the lineage. A descendant, Henry Dossou - Yovo was commissioned by King Glèlè to negotiate with the English to lift the blockade in 1876, then by Behanzin to negotiate with the French.

Today, four family lines occupy the southern part where the concession has undergone many changes. Descendants regulary restore the buildings that continue housing the family altars.

Name : Agbo's House

Name  :  Agbo’s House               

LOCALIZATION
    
Commune :  Ouidah
Headquarter : Ahouandjigo
Address  :  Near to the French Fort / Ahoundjigo Market

IDENTIFICATION

Nature of the heritage : Houses of  vernaculary architecture
Initial Function  : Residential
Actual  Function  : Residential and necropolis (familial cemetry)
Période de Construction : Built by Jean Louis Chavane in 1791.

CARACTERISTICS

Brief description

Concession buildings housing many dwellings or converted into family vault. The dealership, near the Ahouandjigo market has two main landlocked areas separated by paved road.

They are coated with earth or soil cement, a structure of clay and cement, covered with metal sheets.

The rammed earth floor is covered with a layer of cement.

History

The first building, according to collected testimony (2004) was built around 1791 by Jean Louis Chavane in 1791, considered the ancestor of the family.

Today, all built like vernacular adobe and rebuilt in some cement blocks, housing the tombs of the principal descendants of the family, looks like a closed cemetery and carefully maintained which found a wealth of portraits and mortuary rituals and objects.

The memory of the founder, called Viva is commemorated every year.

Kpasse Loko Hinto Concession

Name : Kpasse Loko Hinto Concession        
    
Commune : Ouidah
Headquarter :  Tovè I
Address   :Closed to the Historic Museum of Ouidah / Portuguese Fort

IDENTIFICATION

Nature of the heritage     : Many building of vernacular architecture
Initial Function                : Residential and religious
Actual  Function                : Residential  and religious
Période de Construction : -

CARACTERISTICS

Brief description

• Set of vernacular buildings in clay and cement blocks, a reinforced concrete frame, covered with a metal sheet and floor tile in fair condition.
• Pavement at the entrance to the concession.

History

• The Concession of Kpasse Loko Hinto, priest of Kpassè Loko cult whose shaft (Loko) is located in the sacred forest, inside a building constructed in 1920 by Captain John Adjovi (p. 223).
• Historical buildings linked to xuεda families (Kpassè, Kouka, Adjovi).

Adjovi Concession

Name : Adjovi Concession    

LOCALISATION

Commune : Ouidah
Headquarter :Tovè I
Address  :  Closed to Kpassenon’s concession

IDENTIFICATION

Nature of the heritage: Vernaculary
Initial Function : Residential (and cultural)
Actual  Function  : Residential (and cultural)
Period of Construction   : Towards XIXth century
 
CARACTERISTICS

Brief description

The Concession occupies an island in the Headquarter Tove I, near Grant and Kpassenon Chiakpè. It includes several kinds of frames, the oldest bar in the ground, some in clay brick and newer refurbished with cement blocks, all covered with metal sheets.

The most interesting part includes worship places, and the family cemetery, landlocked within the islet.

These places include:

- Confined spaces housing the tombs surmounted photographs of the deceased;
- Sacred places, circular in shape, protected by walls of concrete block with a roof of metal sheet;
- Two tumuli rituals dedicated to the deceased family, by sex;
- A sacred baobab receiving offerings and Vo;
- A small temple dedicated to manifestations of Dan, the protector of xueda python.

History

The current settling of Adjovi family happened around the creation of Gléhoué (ref Ouidah counter, A. Sinou, Karthala, 1995).

 

 

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